“In times past God spoke through the prophets… in these last days through His Son.” (Hebrews 1:1)Luke 5:36-39 (36) And he spake additionally a parable unto them; No man putteth a chunk of a brand new garment upon an outdated; if in any other case, then each the brand new maketh a lease, and the piece that was taken out of the brand new agreeth not with the outdated. (37) And no man putteth new wine into outdated bottles; else the brand new wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall perish. (38) However new wine should be put into new bottles; and each are preserved. (KJV)Introduction:What was the state of affairs that Jesus was addressing when He advised these 4 parables?
Jesus tells 4 parables in response to 2 questions. In Matthew 9:9 Jesus calls Mathew to be a disciple (“come follow me”), and the Bible tells us that Matthew bought up and adopted Him. Matthew was very enthusiastic about Jesus calling him. He needed his associates to fulfill Jesus and expertise the identical factor. He threw a feast to rejoice and invited all his outdated associates to come back and meet Jesus. The Bible then states that Jesus was having dinner with different tax collectors and sinners at Matthew’s home when the Pharisees requested, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?On hearing this question Jesus responds by stating that he did not come to the healthy (self-righteousness) but to the sick (sinners). Sickness is a picture of sin. He said that He did not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance. Those who suppose their souls to be without disease will not welcome the spiritual Physician. This was the case with the Pharisees; they despised Christ, because they thought themselves whole; but the poor publicans and sinners felt that they wanted instruction and healing forgiveness. Jesus was trying to tell the Pharisees that none were righteous (Rom 3:10) not even them, yet they did not hear (understand). There are two types of patients that Jesus cannot heal. They are the ones who will not agree that they are sick and those who will not trust Him for the cure. Jesus then tells His hearers, “go and be taught” what it means when He says “I want mercy and never sacrifice.”These complaints can about because the Pharisees and scribes had a misunderstanding about how God viewed sinners. The Pharisees and scribes believed that God hated the sinners and publicans and therefore would have nothing to do with them. Throughout Jesus’ ministry on earth, He keeps stating that He came to seek and save the lost. In other words the spiritual sick are the ones that need a physician.Another misunderstanding was that the Pharisees and scribes believed that the people who had wealth were being blessed by God because of their righteousness. By fellowshipping and reaching out the sinner and poor, Jesus were trying to show them that God loved everyone including sinners and that worldly blessings were not directly tied to ones righteousness.Then John’s disciples ask Him, “How is it that we and the Pharisees quick, however your disciples don’t quick?” Then Jesus answers John’s disciples with the same three parables (parabolic expressions) in Matthew (9:15-17), Mark (2:19-22), and Luke (5:34-38) and then in Luke adds a four parable, “And nobody after consuming outdated wine desires the brand new for he says the outdated is healthier.” I believe that all four of these parables are an answer to the two questions:”Why does your trainer eat with Tax collectors” and “”How is it that we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?”The truth is Jesus responds with 4 parables to handle these two questions. As we examine the parables we’ll see that it isn’t unusual for Jesus to make use of a couple of parable to handle a state of affairs, perspective, or query. It’s no completely different after we use a couple of illustration attempting to speak a degree.The Bible tells us that John was the final of the Previous Covenant prophets. Hebrews 1:1 states, “that in times past God spoke through prophets, but now in these last days God was speaking through His Son Jesus.” Jesus additionally tells us in Luke 22:20 when He initiated the Lord’s supper, “this cup is the New Covenant, which is my blood shed for you.” In these 4 parables we see that Jesus is the Bridegroom! He’s the brand new wine!These 4 parables additionally clarify His mission of building the “kingdom of Heaven”. In these 4 parabolic expressions we see the gospel unfold. It’s as if Jesus made a sandwich with these parables. The primary parable is about is the prophecy of each his going to the cross (taken away) and of His return (bridegroom) (success of Previous Testomony). The final parable is about His reject by the Jews. The center two, New Wineskins and New Material are concerning the (new) Kingdom He has come to determine (the church age). The Previous Wineskins and Previous Material symbolize the Previous Covenant.These 4 parables are nearly like a sandwich, the meat (New Covenant) being the center two parables surrounded by the prophecy of His coming and the rejection by the Jews.The primary parable about bridegroom proclaims that the Messiah is right here. The subsequent two parables reveal what the Messiah was to do. Jesus was going to cast off the outdated system and substitute it with one thing new, one thing higher. The outdated system can not comprise it. But since God is all figuring out the fourth parable of the Previous Wine reveals that the Jews would like the Previous and reject Christ.Jesus used photographs acquainted to his viewers, one among patching garments and the opposite of constructing wine. In Jesus’ occasions, wine was saved in wineskins, not bottles. Wineskins had been really the skins of sheep and goats that had been sewn collectively besides on the neck, which served because the neck of the container. The skins had been crammed, and the neck then sewn closed. New wine poured into skins was nonetheless fermenting which produces gasoline (carbon dioxide). The gases exerted gave strain. New wineskins had been elastic sufficient to take the strain, however outdated wine skins simply burst as a result of they had been onerous. Previous skins wouldn’t work, since that they had already been stretched and had been now not elastic. Due to this fact one should use new wineskins for brand new wine.In these two brief parables Jesus is reminding us of guidelines of frequent sense. If New Material is used to restore an Previous Garment, the brand new patch tries to shrink when washed whereas the outdated garment is not going to shrink; due to this fact the brand new patch will tear away from the outdated garment.The folks of Jesus day had been additionally very conversant in the truth that new fabric shrank and would draw back when washed if it was sowed to an outdated garment. I’ve no expertise with making wine, however I perceive strain exerted by a gasoline. We’ve got all seen a balloon stretch as it’s being inflated and typically one will burst underneath the strain because it inflates. However I do have first hand information of garments being patched. As an adolescent I typically wore patched garments and I’ve seen new patches draw back as they’re washed and the material shrinks.In Biblical occasions, wine was put in wineskins (leather-based bottles). These new wineskins may increase because the wine fermented and gave of gasoline. Previous wineskins that he beforehand stretched and dried may now not stretch and would burst because the wine fermented. The identical idea holds true for a patch of recent fabric on an outdated garment. The brand new fabric would shrink when washed tearing the garment even additional.Jesus tells these parables as analogies to show that the gospel of Christ (New Covenant) is radical, life altering, and calls for sure modifications in the way in which man approaches God. For instance Jesus tells Nicodemus that one should be “born again” to enter the dominion. The Bible additionally tells us in 2 Corinthians 5:17, “If anyone belongs to Christ, he is a new creature, old things have passed away, behold all things are new.” In Romans 12:1-2 the Bible tells us that we’re to supply ourselves as a dwelling sacrifice. That we aren’t to be conformed to this world however be remodeled into the picture of Christ.What did Jesus imply by this comparability? What are the outdated garment and the brand new garment symbolizing? What are the brand new wine and the outdated wineskins symbolizing? The outdated garment and outdated wineskin are Judaism (Previous Covenant). The brand new garment and new wine are Christianity (New Covenant). Jesus didn’t come into my life to patch up the outdated man and simply give me a brand new way of life. He got here to offer me an entire new life. He got here to offer me a brand new approach to strategy God. Man now not needed to strategy God by means of a Priest and supply a sacrifice. After Jesus loss of life the Bible tells us the veil between the Holy and Holy of Holies was ripped. Believers now had direct entry to God the daddy.The Jewish leaders (Pharisees and scribes) had been like outdated wineskins; they had been hardened by centuries of rituals and traditions. Jesus tells them in Luke 7:9 that they ignore the instructions of God whereas following their very own traditions.Jesus’ sacrifice, his loss of life on the cross, does away (completes / fulfills) with the Previous Testomony sacrificial system. The sacrifice of animals within the Previous Testomony was a kind of the true sacrifice of Jesus. The comparability of the Previous and New is a comparability of the Previous and New Covenant Interval. It is a comparability of Israel to the Church, and many others.”Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. (Matthew 5:17-18, NI V).Jesus fulfilled over 300 Old Testament prophecies. In fact, much of the Old Testament has been fulfilled, and is fittingly described as the “outdated garment.” A lot of the Previous Covenant is a kind of the New Covenant. For instance, the sacrificial system of the Previous Covenant is a kind of Jesus’ one sacrifice for the sins of the world. Jesus died on the cross for our salvation and for the salvation of the Previous Testomony saints. Nobody can save himself or preserve himself saved. The Previous Testomony saints had been made righteous or Justified by Religion, the identical means persons are justified at present. The Bible teaches that the unique intent of the Regulation was to level one to Christ.Allow us to respect each the Previous Testomony and the New Testomony. Nothing God does is defective. The fault (perceived fault) was with Israel, not the Previous Covenant. They didn’t perceive or obey. God was affected person and gave them a fuller revelation. The Previous covenant could possibly be thought of a kind, shadow, or sample of the true. Jesus was/is the true. Each factor within the Previous pointed/promised the Messiah! Nonetheless, we should fastidiously interpret the Previous Testomony within the mild of New Testomony teachings. Jesus, who impressed each the Previous and New Testaments, is the important thing to decoding each.In these parables we see His presence, His objective and His place (both accepted of rejected). Jesus is the New Wine. Those that reject Him fulfil the prophecy proven within the final of those 4 parables. Those that style of the wine will want it to the brand new. Jesus is foretelling that the Jews would reject the brand new covenant and like the outdated.I. His presence – His first coming as a struggling servant – not earthly kingNo one will quick whereas Bridegroom is with them. You quick after He’s taken away.The disciples of John the Baptist had been upset with Jesus’ disciples as a result of they didn’t quick. Fasting was one of many three most necessary spiritual duties, together with prayer and
almsgiving. When requested why His disciples didn’t quick, Jesus gave a easy clarification that there is a time for fasting and a time for feasting (or celebrating). Jesus stated that you simply didn’t quick at a marriage social gathering. A marriage is a time of rejoicing and celebration. Marriage begins with love and ends in pleasure. To stroll as a disciple with Jesus is to expertise an entire new pleasure of relationship akin to the enjoyment of the marriage social gathering in celebrating with the groom and bride their marriage ceremony bliss. A marriage was a time of pleasure and celebration. You may quick after the marriage. Marriage is a love relationship and so is salvation. They each begin with love and finish in dedication (I’ll). The Christians’ life ought to be like a marriage social gathering and never like a funeral.However then Jesus goes on to reveal the two-fold nature of His coming. On this brief parable there’s reference to Him being the Messiah, His loss of life, and His 2nd coming. It is a cut up prophecy. If we glance intently we will see the cut up nature of most of the prophecies of the approaching Messiah. The interval between the primary and 2nd coming is the church age (the dominion of God) which is a part of the thriller that has been hid. Throughout this church (after he’s taken) there’s a place for fasting!Jesus was mentioning to John’s disciples that He was the promised Messiah (the bridegroom). So whereas He was with His disciples was a time of celebration, however a time would come (when He can be taken). Then can be the time of fasting.However there additionally comes a time when the Lord’s disciples should bear the cross of affliction and purification. For the disciple there’s each a time for rejoicing within the Lord’s presence and celebrating his goodness and a time for in search of the Lord with humility and fasting and for mourning over sin. Do you’re taking pleasure within the Lord’s presence with you and do you categorical sorrow and contrition in your sins? There can be occasions like David the place we should categorical sorrow and contrition in your sins. Fasting was one an important a part of the Jewish faith. It was one of many three most necessary spiritual duties, together with prayer and almsgiving.It is a image of Christ’s three 12 months earthly ministry after which His being taken to the cross (taken). Additionally it is an image of His return because the Bridegroom for the Church (2nd coming).Christ got here for no different cause than to convey God’s kingdom to males. His very first public phrases are precisely these of his forerunner, John the Baptist: “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Mt 3:2, 4:17).In Luke 4:18-19 we see Jesus referencing why He got here. He quotes from Isaiah 61:1-3. However discover that Jesus stops in mid verse of Isaiah 61:2. He doesn’t point out the day of wrath. It is a cut up prophecy. In different phrases there are two comings of Christ. One because the struggling savior for our sins, the opposite as king of Kings, and Lord of Lords! The Jews missed His first coming, His function, as struggling Savior is their stumbling block. They refuse to acknowledge their want for a savior a substitute. They really feel they will earn their salvation.His work was completed on the cross. He tells the disciples that he should go away and He would ship a comforter. This comforter would make them all reality. As He advised Nicodemus in John chapter three we should be “born again”. That is what occurred at Pentecost. The Holy Spirit got here and the church age (the dominion) was initiated. This age can be accomplished when Christ comes once more.He desires our minds and hearts to be like the brand new wineskins, open and able to obtain the brand new wine of the Holy Spirit. Are you desirous to develop within the information and understanding of God’s phrase and plan in your life?This new wine (New Covenant) is talked about in Jeremiah 31:Jeremiah 31:31-34 (31) Behold, the times come, saith the LORD, that I’ll make a brand new covenant with the home of Israel, and with the home of Judah: (32) Not in response to the covenant that I made with their fathers within the day that I took them by the hand to convey them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, though I used to be an husband unto them, saith the LORD: (33) However this shall be the covenant that I’ll make with the home of Israel; After these days, saith the LORD, I’ll put my regulation of their inward components, and write it of their hearts; and can be their God, and so they shall be my folks. (34) They usually shall train no extra each man his neighbour, and each man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the best of them, saith the LORD: for I’ll forgive their iniquity, and I’ll keep in mind their sin no extra. (KJV)In Hebrews chapter Eight we see the author of Hebrews exhibiting that the Previous Covenant was a duplicate, shadow, instance, or sample for the New. Christ is the New. The Previous foretold of His coming! He’s the “better promise”, the “better covenant” (Heb 8:6). The Previous Covenant was changed as a result of the Jews weren’t trustworthy to it (Heb 8:9). In God’s affected person He despatched an entire revelation, Jesus Himself, the promised Messiah!Hebrews 1:1 states that in occasions previous God spoke by means of prophets, however now He was talking by means of His Son Jesus Christ. Jesus was that “Lamb” slain earlier than the muse of the world to reconcile man again to God. He was the success of the Previous Testomony guarantees of a redeemer. Christ is the brand new covenant!The Lord’s supper in Luke 22:20 is one other means of trying on the New Covenant. Jesus, in the course of the Final Supper, spoke of a brand new covenant, which is certainly new and never merely an improved extension of the outdated. (Luke 22:20) In the identical means, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.” How is the brand new covenant completely different from the outdated? The brand new covenant is a once-and-for-all sacrifice for sin whereas the outdated covenant requires repeated sacrifice for sins. When Jesus spoke of the brand new covenant, He was referring to His blood as shed for the forgiveness of our sins rather than the outdated covenant which merely makes use of the blood of animals. The outdated covenant required repeated sacrifice for sin and shedding of blood earlier than God would offer for the forgiveness of the folks’s sins. When Christ died for our sins, He paid for its debt and happy God’s divine justice utterly. That is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for a lot of for the forgiveness of sins.When Christ died for our sins, He paid for its debt and happy God’s divine justice utterly. There is no such thing as a want for us to repeatedly supply sacrifices for our sins by punishing ourselves. Hebrews 10:14 as a result of by one sacrifice he (ie Jesus) has made excellent endlessly those that are being made holy. (NIV) Hebrews 9:28 so Christ was sacrificed as soon as to remove the sins of many individuals; and he’ll seem a second time, to not bear sin, however to convey salvation to those that are ready for him. (NIV)John 19:30 (NIV) When he had obtained the drink, Jesus stated, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. Hebrews 10:14 tells us that “The new covenant promises were completed in Jesus’ sacrifice for sin at Calvary.”Within the Pharisee we see a conformer. Wanting established order. In John the Baptist we see a reformer telling those that heard repent the dominion is at hand. In Jesus we have now a transformer. One who transforms us from one underneath the Previous Covenant to 1 underneath the brand new covenant.The above is a component one among a two half message on the initiation of the New Covenant by the blood of Jesus. Half two continues the reason of the 4 parables talked about above,